Growth in Larynx & Trachea

Laryngeal cancer may also be called laryngeal carcinoma. Most laryngeal cancers are squamous cell carcinomas, which originate from the squamous cells of the laryngeal epithelium. Cancer can be formed in any part of the larynx, but the healing rate depends on the location of the tumor. Laryngeal tumor is formed when cancerous cells form on the tissues of the larynx, or voice box.

The symptoms of laryngeal cancer depend on the size and location of the tumor. Symptoms may include; Hoarseness or other voice changes, neck tumors, sore throat or feeling that something is stuck in the throat, persistent cough, stridor, bad breath and earache

A tracheal tumor is an abnormal growth develops in trachea. The primary tracheal tumors are of squamous or adenoid origin. Squamous cell cancer is the most common type of tracheal tumor. It is always associated with cigarette smoking. Adenoid cystic carcinoma shows slow growth than squamous cell cancer. It is not related to smoking, and men and women have the same risk. These are noncancerous tumors in trachea, which include; Papillomas, chondroma, and hemangioma.

The symptoms of trachea cancer may be confused with breathing conditions such as asthma, bronchitis, or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Symptoms may include: Coughing with or without blood, wheezing, stridor (noisy breathing), shortness of breath, frequent upper airway infections, difficulty swallowing, hoarseness, fatigue, and weight loss.

Thyro Glossal Cyst

Thyroglossal duct cysts are the most common form of congenital cyst on the neck. A fibrous cyst that forms from a persistent Thyroglossal duct is called Thyroglossal cyst. The cyst is an epithelial remnant of the Thyroglossal tract, and is composed of a thick fibrous capsule surrounding the thick mucus material lined with secreting columnar or squamous epithelium. It is often seen as a painless, smooth and cystic neck lump in the midline, if infected pain can occur. There may be difficulty breathing, dysphagia and/or dyspepsia (discomfort in the upper abdomen), especially if the lump becomes large. Thyroglossal cysts are associated with an increased incidence of ectopic thyroid tissue. Thyroglossal duct cysts most often present with a palpable asymptomatic midline neck mass below the level of the hyoid bone. The mass on the neck moves during swallowing or on protrusion of the tongue because of its attachment to the tongue via the tract of thyroid descent.

The persistent duct or sinus can promote oral secretions, which may cause cysts to become infected. Most of the Thyroglossal cysts are not diagnosed until adult life. The tract can lie dormant for years or even decades until some kind of stimulus leads to cystic dilation. Infection can sometimes cause the transient appearance of a mass or enlargement of the cyst, at times with periodic recurrences. Spontaneous drainage may also occur.

Ranula below tongue

A ranula is a type of mucocele, a swelling under the tongue, the floor of the mouth, caused by obstruction of salivary glands. They are the swelling of connective tissue consisting of collected mucin from a ruptured salivary gland duct, which is usually caused by local trauma. Ranulas may be asymptomatic. The size may rapidly vary, shrink and swell, making most Ranulas hard to detect. Large Ranulas cause difficulty in swallowing. The lesion is deep seated and the overlying mucosa is usually intact. It may elevate the tongue and may hide the salivary gland. Ranulas are not contagious. They cannot be passed from one person to another. They also are not caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi. The blockage of a salivary or sublingual gland results in Ranulas. Trauma causing salivary gland obstruction cause secretory back-pressure builds leading to salivary duct rupture with mucus being forced into the surrounding tissues.
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